Chargeable Weight for Shipments – How to Calculate It Correctly?
Ocean Freight LCL Shipments
If you’re sending an LCL shipment by sea, your freight forwarder or shipping agent will calculate the weight of your cargo (the ‘weight’) and the cubic volume of the cargo (the ‘measure’). You will compare it on the basis that 1CBM = 1000kg and the greater of the two will be multiplied by the shipper’s freight rate per kg.
If you’re shipping an international cargo that weighs 200 KG, but the cubic volume (length x width x height) of the cargo is 1.44 CBM.
To make the two measurements comparable, the weight needs to be converted to a decimal of 1000kg.This conversion makes the weight of the shipment is 200/1000 = 0.200kg. Since 1.44 is greater than 0.200, therefore, the cubic volume is the figure used to calculate the freight rate. Where the freight rate is $50 x the W/M (weight or measure), the cost for this cargo would be $50 x 1.44 = $72
To make matters even more complicated, Chinese Shipping Carriers and Freight Forwarders use the formula: ( ( L x W x H ) / 1000 ) x number of packages( ( 120 x 80 x 50 ) / 1000 ) x 6 = your shipment has a volumetric weight of 2880kg.
This is valid for a LCL shipment; for a FCL shipment, a per-container charge replaces the volume-based charge.
Air Freight Shipments
Air freight also uses weight and volume to calculate its shipping rates. But nothing is simple when it comes to freight costs! If you’re shipping by air freight, a common dividing factor of 6000 will also come into play.
If you’re shipping an air cargo that weighs 0.4kg, and the cubic volume (length x width x height) is 20000 cubic centimeters.
The cubic volume of your air cargo is then divided by 6000 to get 20000/ 6000 = 3.4kg. 3.4kg is now the volume weight of your air cargo. As the volume weight is higher than the actual weight, your air shipment’s volume weight is used to calculate the freight rate. So, where the freight charge is $5 per kg, the cost of shipping this cargo is $5 x 3.4 = $17.
Keep in mind, some shipping carriers deviate from the standard dividing factor of 6000 – often using 5000 instead.
Rail Freight LCL Shipments
Similar to ocean freight, if you’re shipping your international cargo by rail freight, the shipper will use the greater of its actual weight and volumetric weight to calculate the freight cost. There are some differences, however.
With rail freight, the volume (CBM) is multiplied by a standard multiple – usually 333kgs – to create the volume weight. Cost is then calculated on a fixed rate sliding scale and will depend on which rate category the higher of the actual weight and volume weight falls within.
If you’re shipping an international rail cargo weighing 400kg, and your cargo’s cubic volume (length x width x height) is 0.769 CBM.
Multiply the cubic volume by 333kg to get 0.769 x 333kg = 256kg.
400 is higher than 256; therefore, the actual weight of the rail shipment is used to calculate the freight rate, depending on where it sits on the sliding scale of charges.
Remember, some shipping carriers apply the dividing factor of 3000 plus the number of packages. The formula: ( ( L x W x H ) / 3000 ) x number of packages. Eg: ( 120 x 80 x 50 ) / 3000 x 6 = your rail shipment has a volumetric weight of 960kg.
China Freight Forwarder for Your International Shipping
If just reading this article has given you a headache, you’re unlikely to be relishing calculating and comparing the different costing methods yourself. That’s where a China Freight Forwarder like China Global Freight can make your life much easier. Our freight experts are experts in all things shipping. They will be happy to calculate the cost of shipping your ocean cargo and air cargo by various methods so that you can make an informed decision–without a headache or a calculator! Contact our friendly freight team if you require assistance.
Chinese Shipping Company Calculate Weight In A Different Way
When looking for freight quotes from China, it’s essential to know that every shipping company calculates chargeable weight differently.
For example, a Chinese shipping company may calculate the chargeable weight of a shipment based on the total weight of the cargo, while a European shipping company may use the weight of the packaged cargo. This can make it difficult to compare quotes from different companies.
To ensure you’re getting the best possible deal, be sure to ask your China freight forwarder how each company calculates chargeable weight and what that means for your specific ocean shipment.
Shipping from China just got easier! Let the experts at China Global Freight help you navigate the process and get your goods delivered quickly and safely. Ask us any questions you have about international shipping from China today!
International Container Shipping Rates from China Global Freight
When shipping your international freight by the ocean, you can go with either a full container load (FCL) or less than container load (LCL).
Sea-air shipping is a combination of these two methods, and it’s a popular choice for businesses that need to ship large or heavy items. With sea-air shipping, your freight will be loaded on a cargo plane and flown to its destination, after which it will be loaded onto a ship and transported to its final destination.
Sea Air Intermodal Transportation is more cost-effective than Air freight, with better transit times than Ocean Freight. China Global Freight’s customers benefit from flexible routing options, global coverage via strategic Sea-Air hubs, and seamless visibility through multiple modes of transportation.
Ready to ship from Chima? Contact our China Global Freight team today to Get A Freight Quote and learn more about your shipping options.